rainfall pattern in nigeria

The August break is observed to be highly variable and does not show a clear discernable pattern of variability. Rainfall is the most important natural factor that goes a long way in determining a lot of things especially agricultural production in Nigeria, especially in the southern part of Nigeria. An Assesment of the Pattern of Rainfall Fluctuations between 1922 and 1985 in Nigeria. PhD Thesis, Unpublished. Also, to study rainfall pattern and how it is distributed across space over southern Nigeria and water body changes in land use that influence climate. drought, models, Nigeria, rainfall pattern, regression, sea surface, temperatures, Vol. The paper is designed to study the rainfall patterns and its implications in Nigeria. 83 E ANALYSIS Of RAINfALL PATTERN NVIRONMENT AND fLOOD INCIDENCES IN wARRI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA Rhoda Olanrewaju 1, Buku Ekiotuasinghan , Godwin Akpan1* 1Department of … The teleconnection between CIP and total rainfall in Nigeria suggests that the rainfall patterns in Nigeria is likely to be modulated by the Tropical Easterly Jet (TEJ) connecting rainfall pattern in Central India to that in Nigeria. rain days in South Western Nigeria between 1970-2006, Guhathakurta and Rajeevan (2006) study the trends in the rainfall pattern over India between 1901-2003, Obot et al., (2011) also consider the trends of rainfall in Abeokuta, Nigeria between 1981-2002 etc. 2. The study of analysis of rainfall trend, fluctuation and pattern over Port Harcourt shows among other things, that rainfall data is available in the study area. Although many findings considering the long term structure of rainfall in Nigeria show significant trend in rainfall time series in the Estimation of Real-Time Flood Risk on Roads Based on Rainfall Calculated by the Revised Method of Missing Rainfall; Groundwater Quality Assessment and Characterization of Shallow Basement Aquifers in Parts of Ado ekiti Metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria The hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara sweeps across the northeastern areas which. 38, First Floor, Muhammadu Buhari Administrative Block, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria. Niger is one of the hottest countries in the planet. Although many findings considering While the vegetation map of Nigeria between 1973 and 1995 forms the basis of biodiversity change analysis. Annual rainfall totals, growing season rainfall totals and annual raindays of 27 Nigerian meteorological stations with varying lengths of records from 1903 to 2012 were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET). The results among others show that rainfall decreases from 1350 mm (1941–1970) to 1276 mm (1970–2002). II. rainfall trends for periods of 1911–1980 over 28 meteorological stations in Nigeria with 40 years moving average showing appearance of declining rainfall. RELATIONSHIP OF EL NINO/SOUTHERN OSCILLATION TO RAINFALL PATTERNS IN NIGERIA. While there is a general decrease in rainfall in Nigeria, the coastal area is experiencing slight increase. Odjugo (2005) studied rainfall pattern in 28 stations in the Northern and Southern Nigeria using data between 1970 and 2002 and observed general decrease in the amount of rainfall in other stations apart from the coastal area in the south with increasing rainfall. In their paper entitled „Analysis of This paper examines the relationship between El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and rainfall patterns in Nigeria. (2010) considered rainfall Obot et al. In the southeast, the rainiest region, the decrease in rainfall in July and August doesn't occur: in Calabar, where 3,000 mm (120 in) of rain fall per year, rainfall remains around 400 mm (16 in) per month from June to September. Statistical Modeling of Monthly Rainfall in Selected Stations in Forest and Savannah Eco-climatic Regions of Nigeria Ademola Akinbobola1*, Emmanuel Chilekwu Okogbue1 and Aderemi Kazeem Ayansola 1,2 1Department of Meteorology and Climate Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria 2Nigeria Meteorological Agency, Abuja, Nigeria *Corresponding author: Ademola Akinbobola, … In Nigeria, global warming has had a significant impact on rainfall-undoubtedly, the most significant component in agricultural practice, and the defining element in seasonal change. Rainfall is the most critical and key variable both in atmospheric and hydrological cycle. This has created ecological destabilisation and altered the pattern of the vegetation belt especially in the northern fringes of the country. Abstract-This study investigates rainfall and temperature variabilities in Nigeria using observations of air temperature (C) and rainfall (mm) from 25 synoptic stations from 1971o -2000 (30years). Arising from the influence of climate change on rainfall pattern in Nigeria over the years, this study was undertaken to investigate the link between rainfall trend and agricultural production in Nigeria in the light of food security. ... we have been in close romance with sources from the Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NIMET) for the 2017 SRP in each and every major towns and cities around us. https://www.legit.ng/1128716-months-rainy-season-nigeria.html Apart from the general southward shift in rainfall patterns, the duration has also reduced from 80-360 (1941-1970) to 40-280 (1970-2002) rainy days per year. The rainfall pattern has also enhanced wind erosion/desertification, soil erosion and coastal flooding in the north, east and coastal areas of Nigeria respectively. Geo-politically she divided into northeast, northwest, southwest, southeast and north Cross River University of Technology, Calabar NIGERIA. In particular, the present study aims to find the possible link(s) between specific rainfal indices (monthly total rainfall, rainfall anomalies and monsoon breaks) in selected stations in nigeria and some prominate climate … FSN-FM 0005 EFFECT OF RAINFALL PATTERN ON FISH PRODUCTION IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA 1OLAOYE, O. J., 2AKINTAYO, I. CONTACT: 07034653641 . rainfall pattern, climatic variability and crops production. Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then become heavy enough to fall under gravity.Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. Eludoyin et al. Nigeria - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. The raining season in Nigeria does not start in the same months in different parts of Nigeria. Geo-politically she divided into northeast, northwest, southwest, southeast and north rainfall series over these regions depict major climatic discontinuity. For example, Adefolalu (1986) examines trends in rainfall pattern using 70-year period (1911–1980) rainfall data from 28 meteorological stations. A., 3UDOLISA, R. E. K. AND 3A. A statistically nonsignificant decrease of 15.9% was observed in the rainfall pattern while 2.1% linear increase was recorded for temperature for the same period of interest. The modelling of seasonal behaviour of rainfall has become very important in the wake of the climatic change. Rainfall Pattern in Nigeria It is a common believe that all water on the earth comes from the rain and stored as surface water such as rivers, ponds, oasis, or underground water as spring and water table etc. Bello (1998) extended the work and compared the seasonality of rainfall distribution in Nigeria for two climate … 4(2) 2005: 139-145, [Global Journal of Environmental Sciences]. In their paper entitled „Analysis of African Journals OnLine (AJOL) is the world's largest and preeminent platform of African-published scholarly journals. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. B.DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR . However, the rainfall characteristics in Nigeria have been examined for secular change that is, dominant trend notably by (Olaniran et … This paper examined rainfall pattern and its variability in northeastern Nigeria and its impacts on access to water supply. The country’s north-south extent is about 1 050 km and its maximum east-west extent is about Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north … In some regions, rainfalls occur during the whole year, while other regions receive only seasonal rainfalls. In the south-east of Nigeria, the Cross River National Park is a hilly area, wet and covered with forests. While some of these studies revealed no direct relationship between rainfall patterns and ENSO since it brings both rainfall surplus and deficit (Shehu,et al., 2016 and Nnawuike, et al., 2016) others, indicate that ENSO has direct influence on the rainfall parameters in Nigeria (Ati, et al., 2010 and Benard, 2000 cited in Shehu, et al., 2016). In September/October, rainfall pattern showed high degree of precipitation with accompanied storms and flood characteristic of climatic changes. Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. CONTACT: 07034653641 . The implications of the ITD movement on the rainfall pattern in Nigeria have been reported in many studies (Abatan et al., 2016; Ayanlade, 2009; Fuwape et al., 2016; Ilesanmi, 1971; Odekunle, 2006; Odekunle et al., 2005). The rain-day series in Nigeria have been examined for periodicities, fluctuations and trends for four regions arranged from south to north (the Coastal, Guinea-Savanna, Midland and Sahelian zones) based on data collected for the period 1919–1985. In the east annual rainfall is only 2 cm (0.79 inches). Email: editorial@openjournalsnigeria.org.ng. Kendall tau statistics and Step-Wise Multiple Regression model were used for data analyses. The paper therefore concludes that SSTs should be integrated in the seasonal rainfall prediction models in Nigeria for an improved forecast. The changes and variability associated with rainfall and the pattern of extreme high or low precipitation are very important for agriculture as well as the economic development of the state. Rainfall patterns … The results among others show that rainfall decreases from 1350 mm (1941–1970) to 1276 mm (1970–2002). It was concluded that he alternating wet and dry patterns in inter-annual rainfall fluctuations and by extension, the droughts and floods over Nigeria within the study period, were caused by sea surface temperature anomalies over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Also, rainfall distribution in Nigeria differs from the South to the North. A.DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS, CROSS RIVER UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY CALABAR, NIGERIA . Millions of monthly [...], Publisher EMAIL: jonathansong@yahoo.com. Annual Weather Averages in Port Harcourt. 1 (2020): OJER 2020 First Issue, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The graph below gives a clear description of this pattern of recurrent bacterial infections in many poultry farms in Nigeria . Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. Due to the agriculture base of the Northeast Nigeria, it is imperative to explicitly model seasonal behaviour of rainfall in the region for agricultural planning. USAID staff and other development practitioners may find this information useful for climate risk management and for considering the linkages between climate change and development. Climate data and weather averages in Port Harcourt. 2. The country’s ... almost all year round, rainfall patterns are marked by distinct wet and dry seasons. (1994) note that entire Nigeria is characterized by variations in rainfall patterns. ... that there is a change in the global climate pattern. It was observed that annual rainfall pattern changed from a positive pattern within 1931- 1960 period to a negative pattern within 1961-1990 period and then, to a positive pattern within 1991-2012 period. Copyright © 2018 - 2020 Open Journal of Environmental Research (ISSN: 2734-2085) is an official publication of Open Journals Nigeria (OJN)Room No. In this post, we will tell you about the months of the rainy season in Nigeria. rainfall series over these regions depict major climatic discontinuity. Ayeni OO 1979. STUDY AREA Nigeria with a total area of 923,800 sq. Rainfall Pattern in Nigeria It is a common believe that all water on the earth comes from the rain and stored as surface water such as rivers, ponds, oasis, or underground water as spring and water table etc. B.DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR . Rainfall Pattern in Nigeria It is a common believe that all water on the earth comes from the rain and stored as surface water such as rivers, ponds, oasis, or underground water as spring and water table etc. The analyses show that the rainfall anomalies although sometimes intense do not have predictable patterns. An analysis of rainfall patterns in Nigeria, Researchers and policy-makers need access to contextually-relevant quality research publications from Africa in order to develop solutions to address the continent’s challenges in health, education, climate change & under-development. This study analyzed the pattern of rainfall in Samaru Zaria, Kaduna State, Northern part of Nigeria from 1961-2017 using data collected from the Institute for Agricultural Research Samaru, Zaria. The climate in the Northern part of the country is different from the climate in Southern Nigeria. Annual Weather Averages Near Ibadan. It has the Saharan desert in the north, the Sahel to the south of the desert, and the Sudan in the southwest corner. Weather and climate are largely determined by location with respect to land and sea masses, to large scale patterns in the general circulation of the atmosphere, latitude, altitude, and to local geographical features. Olaniran (1990) considered the changing pattern of rainy days in Nigeria between 1919-1985. Bachudo Science Company Limited, " Oladejo, K. M. | Department of Geography, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. 1 No. rainfall patterns in Nigeria is likely to be modulated by the Tropical Easterly Jet (TEJ) connecting rainfall pattern in Central India to that in Nigeria. Yilma et al. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. In Nigeria, several regions receive rainfall throughout the year, but in some regions rainfall is seasonal and low making irrigation necessary (Alemeraw and Eshetu, 2009). Annual rainfall totals, growing season rainfall totals and annual raindays of 27 Nigerian meteorological stations with varying lengths of records from 1903 to 2012 were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET). The study : A & Ogunjobi K. O. Apart from the general southward shift in rainfall patterns, the duration has also reduced from 80-360 (1941-1970) to 40-280 (1970-2002) rainy days per year. Federal University of Technology, Nigeria. Averages are for Ibadan Airport, which is 4 miles from Ibadan. II. Changing rainfall patterns in Nigeria and global warming. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts, greenhouse gas emissions and USAID climate and development programs in Nigeria. Updated 2017 Seasonal Rainfall Pattern (SRP) In Nigeria by Publisher | Mar 22, 2017 | Blog | 0 comments Knowing the seasonal rainfall pattern is one of the major factor that an average business-oriented farmers should consider in planning for their annual rain-fed farming operations. Average rainfall along the coast varies from about 180 cm (70 in) in the west to about 430 cm (170 inch) in certain parts of the east. Obot et al., (2011) studied the trends of rainfall in Abeokuta, Nigeria between 1981-2002. Rainfall is the most critical and key variable both in atmospheric and hydrological cycle. Monthly Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) anomalies data over Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) were obtained from Climatic Prediction Centre (CPC). The mT is relatively warm and moist air mass while cT is relatively cool, dry and stable air mass. Rainfall data from 28 stations for the period of 1970 – 2002 were collected from the Nigeria Meteorological Station, Lagos. Oladejo, K. M. (2020). km occupies about 14% of land area in West Africa. While there is a general decrease in rainfall in Nigeria, the coastal area is experiencing slight increase. Internatinal Journal of Climatology, 10: 810-848. On April 14, 2013 12:10 am In Special Report by vanguard. Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NIMET) re-vealed that Nigeria’s climate is characterized by strong a iii) Diseases pattern and resistance problems. Apart from the general southward shift in rainfall patterns, the duration has also reduced from 80-360 (1941-1970) to 40-280 (1970-2002) rainy days per year. 369 Effect Of Rainfall Pattern On Fish Production In Ogun State, Nigeria FISON EKO 2010 ISSN: 1117-3149 PROCEEDINGS OF FISHERIES SOCIETY OF NIGERIA (FISON) ASCON, BADAGRY 25th-29th OCTOBER 2010 FSN-FM 0005 MAIDUGURI 30.7 4 MAKURDI 177.2 6 And preeminent platform of African-published scholarly Journals Sciences ], which is 4 miles from Ibadan August. Iyamho, Edo state, Nigeria between 1981-2002 of African-published scholarly Journals hilly area wet. 1970 – 2002 were collected from the climate in the planet description of this pattern due other... Of recurrent bacterial infections in many poultry farms in Nigeria differs from the climate in Southern Nigeria, 2011! Station, Lagos in Southern Nigeria 70-year period ( 1911–1980 ) rainfall data from 28 meteorological stations below summarize rainfall pattern in nigeria. 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